Decorative panels for the kitchen
Modern design projects of kitchens take into account a wide assortment of building materials that have appeared on the market, which in quality are significantly ahead of the usual ones. The decorative panels for the kitchen, which are gaining more and more popularity, are capable of replacing traditional wallpaper and ceramic tiles. This is an aesthetic, practical and at the same time budget option for quick repairs. Work with most types of panels will turn out even with an inexperienced specialist.
Pros and cons of paneling
The mentioned materials are conditionally divided into wall and ceiling. Walls are used exclusively for walls, and universal ones are suitable for finishing walls and ceilings.
In the use of decorative panels there are a number of positive aspects:
- There is no need to dismantle the old coating, applying numerous plaster layers to smooth the surfaces.
- The installation technique is simple. Products are mounted on the frame or directly on the wall, the builder will be able to stick fragments of decoration without much experience.
- Care of the coating does not require a long time and effort.
- The panels are well insulated from extraneous noise, and when fixing them to the frame, voids are additionally filled with soundproofing material, enhancing the effect.
- The installation of panels allows you to hide electrical communications under them, to make a neat piping to the boiler, column.
- If the neighbors did not turn on the tap and you were flooded, the panels will not deform, but will dry out after a while.
- You can make repairs at any time of the year without producing mountains of construction debris, bypassing the stage of finishing.
As for the cons:
- Some types of panels are not strong enough, they can be deformed.
- MDF and particleboard do not tolerate prolonged exposure to moisture. Under the plastic panels, mold growth is possible, prolonged UV exposure can cause discoloration.
- Not every type of panel can withstand overheating; it is not recommended to install them in the immediate vicinity of the stove.
- During installation, it is necessary to take into account the weight of the building material in order to choose a reliable method of fastening. Do not chase low cost, it usually indicates a low quality product.
Types and types of panels for the kitchen
Finishing material in the form is:
|Rack and pinion||It is represented by strips from the narrowest of 12 cm to the widest of 50 cm. The slats are attached to each other due to the presence of groove joints, as well as to the crate.|
|Tiled||It has the shape of a square with sides from 30 to 60 cm. Usually used instead of ceramic tiles.|
|Leafy||The most esthetic and convenient material during the work. Its sizes from 1.5 to 3 m2 allow you to immediately close a large area of the wall. They are installed on a wooden, metal crate or by glue method.|
The most popular. The consumer is attracted by a large selection of colors, the ability to fit into any budget. At the same time economical and decorative option. Thanks to the protective coating, the products do not absorb odors, which is important for areas where fumes are increased.
The product is, in fact, an MDF sheet, on the outside - a PVC coating, because of which, when ready-made, it has water-repellent properties and resists temperature fluctuations. The low cost and durability make plastic panels very attractive for customers with a limited budget.
But they are not suitable for any surface. Their thermal stability is limited.
PVC panels realistically imitate natural wood, marble, leather, aluminum, chrome, are diverse in texture: they look like untreated or painted boards, textured plaster. Rack white panels are organic in the style of Provence, country. Bright gloss looks good in modern interiors. The sheet material can be with a homogeneous smooth surface or its top layer is fragments resembling ceramic tile coating.
To make the kitchen look refined, use natural wood panels. Pine, ash, cherry perfectly withstand high temperatures and humidity. Beech or oak are more prestigious options. Wood stores heat well, isolates sounds, combines with other materials.
Durability to products gives wax in the composition. Special components prevent the penetration of food odor into the material. Some factories resort to the reception when more affordable rocks are used in the inner layers of the coating, and more valuable - in the outer. Sheets with top veneers made of expensive wood are fixed without visible seams in large areas, creating a monolithic surface.
When installing solid wood panels in the kitchen, it acquires special colors and naturalness, chic, status. The wood texture creates the effect of coziness and luxury.
Decorative panels from MDF and particleboard
The budget option for finishing the kitchen is the chipboard or MDF wall panels. Particleboard is less suitable for a kitchen apron. Temperature differences, wet fumes have a bad effect on it. Pressed wood shavings, which are used in production, swell under the influence of water. So that the coating does not lose its original appearance, it will require its systematic treatment with special impregnations. Laminated panels protect the internal structure from getting wet, and the surface layer from scratches. When cutting, it is necessary to ensure that the slices are processed with special ribbons.
MDF panels are strong, durable, do not give in to the effects of temperature and humidity. Laminated products most often repeat the color and texture of natural wood. The design of most models of kitchen furniture uses an acrylic film coating.
Proper selection of the texture and color of the apron will help to combine the countertop and part of the wall located between the upper and lower tiers of the furniture set into a single composition.
Demand is observed not only on mahogany and walnut panels; exotic bamboo is gaining popularity. This is a natural eco-friendly material with a unique texture. He is not afraid of moisture, direct sunlight, temperature fluctuations.
In the manufacture of bamboo panels, handmade mats are used, which are impregnated with glue based on acrylic. Decorative panels are obtained by hot pressing and subsequent drying of these blanks. The finished product looks light, but it is strong, flexible, and durable. No further processing is required.
Bamboo plates have color options, small or large weaving, are single-layer or two-layer. Installation is simple. They are cut with scissors or a hacksaw, fixed with glue, liquid nails, a stapler. They always work with gloves.
Warm country, elegant minimalism, ethnic exoticism can not do without products from bamboo. The natural greenish tint can be covered with any other using paint or tinting varnish.
The kitchen, decorated with gypsum panels, looks original, unusual. With the help of 3D panels, the space of a room can be narrowed or expanded, delimited, highlighted a corner. The aesthetic effect of such a finish is enhanced by backlight. The interior of the kitchen will look monumental. They imitate the covering of walls with wood, stone, create the illusion of volume, high relief.
Plus gypsum panels - ease of installation, environmental safety, products are inexpensive, do not deform. Such a disadvantage as the lack of moisture resistance is eliminated by surface treatment with a special composition.
Over time, dirt and soot can accumulate on the embossed surface. This will create certain difficulties when cleaning, but at the same time give the picture more expressiveness.
The main advantage of glass panels is the endless number of design options. Even the smallest kitchen, decorated with glass, will become more spacious and lighter.
Panels for walls are made individually for a particular room of three-layer glass. The uppermost hardened heavy-duty coating is almost impossible to damage. This is followed by a decorative layer, followed by a base. How decor is used:
- various images on the mirror;
- photo printing;
- 3D pictures.
Glass coating is expensive, which is justified by its excellent performance. The material is hygienic, has absolute moisture resistance, heat resistance. The mounted glass panels located behind the sink or stove in each case are unique, do not change color, do not absorb odors, they can be washed with almost any household chemical product.
Features and installation tips
The choice of mounting method takes into account the characteristics of the material. For example, wood is much heavier than PVC, it requires careful screwing to the crate. If the wall is fairly flat, you can simply stick plastic on it. Wood boards are secured by a groove system. Under glass - special profiles are made, where it is inserted as in a frame.
The installation method also depends on the surface properties. Ceramic tiles and PVC fit well on perfectly even. Where the walls are far from perfect, it is better to install a crate. On the working wall, the slats are placed only around the perimeter.
For PVC, MDF tiles, assembly with a groove system is provided. Glass is fixed either in special profiles or with screws to the guides. Each of the manufacturers recommends its own solutions.
The appearance of some materials should not be disturbed by fasteners, because damage to the protective laminated layer will violate the external aesthetics, leading to a gradual delamination.
Panel Maintenance Rules
To finish the kitchen for a long time retained its original appearance, she needs careful care. This is especially true for wood coatings. Such surfaces do not tolerate abrasive detergents, they are not cleaned with solvents or detergents, and hard brushes are not used. Veneered, varnished panels are washed with a soft cloth dampened in a specially designed product.
The wood mass is periodically treated with wax-containing formulations. Contaminants are disposed of using soapy water, recommended detergents with surfactants.
Plastic will also require careful handling, a careful selection of tools for mechanical cleaning.
Intensive exposure to water is contraindicated in any type of panel, i.e. you can get unwanted cracks, swelling, spots and stains. Delicate care with professional products without ammonia and alcohol will ensure a flawless appearance.
Wall decoration is an important stage in any repair. Modern fashion trends dictate the use of new materials that will not absorb the smell of food and support the style.
Before deciding on the choice of material, think over the general style of the kitchen space. The best solution is a combination of different finishes in different areas. The kitchen, sewn from floor to ceiling with plastic or glass, is not very happy. It matters the shape and dimensions of the product, its thickness, the material from which it is made. The choice is influenced by the price and features of the decor.
To make the kitchen pleasing to the eye for many years, do not make hasty decisions. For lack of experience, it is better to seek the advice of specialists and illustrative examples.