Features of a rustic style in landscape design
Childhood. What associations does this word evoke? The smell of freshly cut grass and juicy apples, the aroma of fresh milk, games with friends, grandmother’s gentle hands, summer holidays in the village. In the age of technological progress and the fast pace of life, there is an acute desire to be closer to nature.
Every year in the design there are new directions. But the rustic style in landscape design is not inferior to fashion trends. Fragrant shrubs, a white fence, colorful flower beds, sweet berries, benches and a wooden swing ... Simplicity and naturalness, freedom of layout create an atmosphere of charm and comfort.
From the history of rustic style
Gertrude Jekyll - the founder of the direction with the British "accent", which has received worldwide recognition. In English kindergartens, vegetables, fruits, berries, spices, and field herbs were simultaneously grown. "Country" is the sounds of banjo and harmonica, wicker chairs with checkered plaids, tubs of flowers, a painted white picket fence, red pumpkins. From English it is translated as "village, country." Having its own national characteristics, the style is characterized as “rustic”.
In the 70s of the last century, the USA in the state of Texas was recognized as an independent direction of design. The life and work of local planters took place in contact with nature. Gardens and gardens around the territory of the cowboy ranch had a national flavor. To design a kitchen, rooms or a personal plot in an American rustic style, professionals began about 40 years ago. In landscape design, he is considered the freest. Widespread throughout the world, has lost its Texas flavor.
Features of the rustic style
The village is a lake, a forest, the smell of hay, a flowering meadow, a plowed field. These natural components also become its basis. The main trend is the preservation of the natural features of the territory, the creation of unity with nature. The simpler the better.
- unshaved grass on natural lawns;
- a variety of flower pots and fences (no identical);
- there are no clear distinctions: beds with vegetables grow next to flower beds;
- wicker fences, wooden flooring, swings, wells;
- paraphernalia and old things that came from relatives: watering cans, buckets, cartwheels;
- hand-made products;
- natural style pond;
- organically on such territory a gazebo from a log house, a bridge over an artificial reservoir will look;
- paths from saw cuts of trees, sandstone, tree bark.
Despite this arrangement, everything looks picturesque: a front garden with daisies, cornflowers and fruit trees with beehives. Randomly planted plants fit perfectly into the countryside landscape. The objects around look like works of nature: a shop made of driftwood or a sawn tree, a fence entwined with a hedge, a gate.
The territory must be divided into functional and aesthetic zones, having drawn up an appropriate project. Such work can be done independently or you will turn to the designer for help. It is customary to divide the site into 5 zones:
- decorative garden;
- plot in front of the house;
- economic zone;
- rest zone.
|Front||Flower beds. Paved driveway and wide main alley.||Entrance area in front of the house|
|Garden Garden||Fencing: wooden fence or hedge. Beds with vegetables and herbs.||Behind the house|
|Household||“Village” accessories: wooden figurines, clay, decorative trolleys, hand-made crafts||In the backyard|
|Rest zone||Arch with twisted plants, gazebo, pots and flowerpots with flowers, artificial pond.||In the backyard|
Zones are separated from each other by hedges, arches with hops or twisted wild grapes. In accordance with the design direction, lawns, like hedges, do not cut. Garden and orchard, essential elements, perform a decorative function. It's easy to create them: vegetable beds are decorated with flowers. It can be marigolds, zinnias. Prolonged flowering will delight the gaze of the hosts.
In the design of the garden, it is better to follow a few simple rules:
- minimalism and diversity;
- the presence of small neat beds with vegetables;
- fantasy will: over each bed hang plaques with the name of the crop, divide the beds with fences from the vine, on which clay jugs hang, put a scarecrow with straw.
Now it’s fashionable to use “flower gardens”. They can grow both flowers and vegetables. Beets, dill, carrots, different types of salad, cucumbers and pumpkins will look beautiful on them. You can dilute such a flower bed with daylilies. By the way, their buds and flowers are also used for cooking. Such a mixborder will organically fit into the overall concept.
There are 3 principles to creating a country garden:
- Romance. It is given an abundance of flowers;
- Light negligence. Do not use plastic figurines and synthetic materials. The tracks should not be even;
- Decor Each country has added its own national flavor to the concept. Decorative wheels and pole fences came from America, mills from Holland, and a cart from Russia.
Ornamental plants in a rural garden
The main goal of the country garden is to create the impression of wildlife. Therefore, only natural materials are used. Motley unpretentious flowers were planted around: mallow, chrysanthemums, dicentres, irises, daylilies, dahlias, violets, carnations. Focus on bright plants with round forms of inflorescences. For example, a decorative bow looks good with geraniums, a cuff. Climbing roses, clematis, honeysuckle are suitable for hedges.
A floral drawing on an adjacent flower bed is not worth repeating. The “set” of planted plants must be unique. The main thing is that everything should not look too groomed.
Ferns and hosts withstand penumbra. Flowers are planted randomly. There is a place for sunflowers, ornamental cereals, hops. From the bushes, it is better to plant viburnum, jasmine, rosehip, lilac, hydrangea, chokeberry. Barberry, raspberries, currants, gooseberries, blackberries not only do not violate the concept, but will also delight you with a sweet aroma.
You need to select plants and trees so that they bloomed at different times. A riot of colors will delight the eye all year round.
The village garden is the realm of accessories. Cupids, gnomes and decorative fountains are not needed here. Agricultural tools and accessories are suitable for decoration. With American decor, the main thing is not to overdo it. Otherwise, everything will look fake, overloaded with details. At the entrance to the house, put a bright bench. Around the cobbled terrace plant a girl's grape. From the decks make a decorative well. On the cart you can plant flowers. If you put an old stepladder to a tree and let go climbers on it, it will also become an element of decor.
As design elements use old barrels, buckets, galvanized watering cans. Furniture is made by hand or ordered from craftsmen. You can also use natural elements: stumps as chairs, a tree trunk as a bench, a table from a board. Build an old car wheel on the roof of the house, this will attract storks. Rocking chairs, broken cast iron, overgrown with herbs, old shoes, instead of flower pots are also used.
The village courtyard is the face of the owner. You can decorate it with hanging planters with flowers, clay and straw products, rockers, low fencing. On a small territory of the courtyard, benches are placed in different places: in the middle of the flower garden, near the vegetable garden, at the entrance. The house should not stand out from the overall composition of the style. No siding or glass facade. Perfectly combined with country houses from a log house, huts-huts. You can also clad buildings with stone or brick. Wicker baskets with flowers are installed on the windows and the veranda.
The design of the gazebo should be as simple as possible. Thread during construction is not used. The trellised parapets are planted with climbing plants. The benches inside the gazebo are arranged randomly. Also, the design may have forged fragments or elements of the vine.
It is better to cover the gazebo with oil, not varnish. So it will look more natural.
Barriers and gates
Wattle, a simple hedge of planks, and walls of old brick will serve as an external fence. For the inside - flowering shrubs and vines, vines, birch trunks, wooden slats. Their height is not higher than one meter. Hang clay pots on the picket fence. If the fence is built from a metal profile, then from the inside it is planted with a hedge. By planting a small rose, sweet peas, morning glory, campsis, nasturtiums, you can separate the relaxation area from vegetable beds.
Green fences not only zonate the land, but also hide from extraneous outbuildings: a cellar, a summer kitchen, a barn and even a garage. For beds, the fence is made of logs dug in the ground, or wattle. Decorate a wooden gate with metal plates or make the upper edge carved. It all depends on the type of fence. It is important to preserve the tint of antiquity, primitiveness.
Paths are made of natural materials - wood, sand, granite screenings, gravel. They are never smooth, paving - sloppy. Looking at them, it should seem like they are about 100 years old. If you put the tile, then it should be with chips, through which dandelions sprouted. Along the tracks - a lively border from a mix of bright colors. Also on them you can place wooden buckets or watering cans with water sprouted grass or perennials. For children, playing on such tracks will be a real journey into a fairy tale.
The space between the fragments of the trails is planted with lawn grass. It is also called the "Moorish lawn." For the country garden, the organic option is walkways with wooden flooring. The front walkway is wide and straight. On both sides of it "under the string" fruit trees are planted. During flowering, the path becomes more formal. Often, designers alternate ordinary cherries with felt, and cherries with thorns.
If there is a lot of free land in the country house, you can design a pond. As an economy option - the creation of a reservoir from the old trough.
Types of reservoirs:
- Fountain. Simple yet powerful design. You can do it yourself. For example, put a wooden trough under a hillock, overlay with stones of different sizes, and remove a water pipe.
- Pond. For such a garden, the most suitable option. You can equip a waterproofed pond - a pit. If there are no funds, then it is enough to bury a wooden barrel or an old bath in the precinct. Plant with reeds, lotuses and nymphs. To issue coastal territory with herbs - sedge, fescue, miscanthus. Such a pond will look spectacular.
Do not get carried away using stones. They should look natural in the environment. If the pond is wide, then rafts or floating beds can be lowered into the water. Also, a bridge made of logs, thick branches or a birch drier is suitable for decoration.
Country is suitable for the design of space, as a manor, and a couple of hundred acres of land cottages. Because of its simplicity, it is often used to decorate cottage plots around the world. This landscape solution is a great option for creative people. Each country has its own national characteristics: clear and strict lines from the British, French lightness and oblivion from the flowers of lavender, outgrown in the style of Provence, German pragmatism.
The design of a country house or cottage does not require special financial investments. This is due to the fact that the elements of decor and furniture are done with your own hands. The creative approach allows you to make your own home and household territory exactly as the owner sees it. No need to be afraid to experiment. Combine cultivated and wild flora. Knowing a sense of proportion in the design, the rustic landscape will be filled with charm.