Panels for the ceiling: how to choose
The ceiling - not only the part of the room, limiting it from above, it plays an important role - determines the general appearance of the room, makes it cozy. With proper design, it can visually increase or decrease the space, divide it into functional zones. The mood of the household, the impression that the guests had when visiting, largely depends on the chosen finish, which can both overshadow and give a solemn appearance to the interior.
It is necessary to finish the ceiling very carefully, since it is always in sight and the slightest flaw or defect will be noticeable. The construction market offers a huge selection of building materials, the use of which will allow the surface to match any design. Ceiling panels occupying a huge niche deserve special attention. They are popular, this is a great alternative to old-fashioned wallpaper, plaster, drywall.
The use of panels for decoration allows you to quickly update the ceiling in a house or apartment, while the costs associated with repair work will be minimal. Finishing material is a plate of various sizes. By the method of fastening, they can be divided into two main groups:
- Elements are mounted directly to the ceiling. Connection to the surface occurs by gluing plates to it. Such options include polystyrene, polystyrene, individual PVC trims.
- Installation is carried out on a pre-prepared frame, crate. This group corresponds to aluminum, MDF, metal, plastic panels.
Panel ceilings are ubiquitous. This is due to the fact that using building materials, the room can be given the necessary style, combine the type of flooring with the selected flooring and wall decoration, merged with the general interior of the room.
Advantages and disadvantages
The demand for ceiling tiles is due to various factors. They have excellent aesthetic properties, emphasize the interior of the room, made in a variety of styles. Are applied in any rooms, whether it be an entrance hall, kitchen, drawing room, a balcony or a loggia. The main characteristics of the material include the following characteristics:
- low cost;
- simple installation, almost everyone can do the work, and you don’t need to buy any special tools, for the construction you will need construction equipment that can be found in every house;
- most of the raw materials used for the manufacture of products are moisture resistant, which allows you to install structures in the bathroom, toilet, other rooms with high humidity;
- Using the panels, perfectly smooth surfaces are created, while under them it is easy to hide the wiring, utilities;
- the coating allows you to mask any defects, such as cracks, bumps, joints of floors;
- if one of the elements is damaged, it can be replaced independently without much difficulty;
- many models are distinguished by high heat and sound insulation;
- most materials are easily cleaned with standard means;
- products are characterized as safe, even made of plastic, they do not emit harmful substances;
- plates are produced in different sizes, which makes it possible to use them in rooms of various sizes;
- fireproof components are used for manufacturing.
Panels for the ceiling have certain disadvantages. With their help, it is impossible to create complex structures at several levels. On large areas, coverage does not look attractive enough. Quality and service life, respectively, depend on the price. The panel finish is unstable to mechanical damage, sunlight, some types after a certain time begin to crumble.
Ceiling Panel Materials
Products are made from different raw materials, on which their functionality and appearance depend. Mainly used for production are MDF, glass, metal, PVC, polystyrene foam, wood, aluminum, fiberboard, drywall, and other components. The main purpose of such structures is decoration. However, there are options that have heat, sound insulation properties, heater panels, moisture resistant models designed for damp rooms.
The proposed selection of plates is quite large. It is very difficult to decide among such a variety. Indeed, not only the appearance, but also the method of fastening depends on the material. For example, Armstrong suspended systems, which are used everywhere, can be combined with products from other manufacturers for cassette ceilings. Consider in more detail the existing types of plates.
Natural components used for cladding are always popular. They give the room a solid look, emphasize the refined taste of the owners of the house. With the help of this building material they create a very prestigious interior that matches the eco-style.
One of the main finishing options is a wooden slatted board (lining). This type of building material is known to everyone, it is also used to decorate walls. There is a wide variety of models, but they are all united by the installation method. All slats are mounted on a wooden or profile frame.
Square plates are less common. Their cost is higher than rack counterparts, installation is more complicated, but the use of such elements gives the room a unique, original image, especially carved models.
Special attention should be paid to bamboo and cork panels, which are able to give the room exotics. The first option is a wicker mat made of thin bamboo slats. Cork, although it has an unconventional design, is not suitable for every monastery.
Wood is best used in dry rooms. To install such structures in the bathroom, kitchen, you will need processing with special paints, impregnations, which increase the resistance of wood to moisture.
Panels made of metal are used in rooms where it is necessary to organize good ventilation, to mask the fire extinguishing system. Aluminum is mainly used for the production of high-quality products; budget options are also produced, which are a thin-walled sheet of steel coated with nickel or zinc.
The line of metal models is quite wide. They can have a matte, glossy, mirror, decorative (stone, wood) coating. There are options with polymer staining, original texture, variations with built-in infrared elements that can heat the space. With the help of them discreetly sew up communications.
Metal structures are characterized by refractory and moisture resistant properties. Suitable for cassette and rack coatings. The first method is used mainly in public, commercial, and entertainment facilities. The second found its application in residential premises, in rooms with high humidity, although the presence of a large assortment allows them to be used almost everywhere.
Reiki have the form of a bracket with curved edges, which are attached to special guides equipped with hooks. Since metal does not allow air to pass through, a ventilation gap is always made between the ceiling and the walls. The gap is masked by a special baseboard.
Basalt or fiberglass panels
Fiberglass plates are an excellent option for repairs. They are made of ultra-thin glass fibers glued with a polyester resin under the influence of high temperatures, which provides the finished product with high strength and uniform structure. In addition, this material has such qualities as moisture resistance, fire resistance, it retains heat well, it is chemically inert, impact resistant. In addition, it has good decorative properties, which allows the use of fiberglass not only in residential buildings, but also in offices, office buildings, public canteens, even in production halls.
Basalt panels (stone wool) consist of 95% of stone threads elongated under the influence of high temperatures, the remaining 5% are occupied by special binding additives. Use finished products to create home interiors, in industrial, medical institutions. This building material perfectly absorbs sound, does not burn, does not even melt, and basalt fiber does not contain organics, which prevents the appearance of mold on the surface.
Plastic and polyurethane panels
The material is easy to clean from pollution, in addition, it is inert in water, therefore, most often such models are installed in the bathroom, corridor, hallway, loggia. Less commonly used in the kitchen, in the bath. This is due to the fact that plastic, under the influence of a temperature exceeding 60 degrees, begins to melt and release toxic substances.
In case of fire, melting of plastic, it must be extinguished and cooled. Hot material on the skin can cause serious burns.
All polymer structures can be divided into two large groups: rack, square. Great demand for the material is associated with its properties, such as:
- compliance, plastic can be given any shape;
- products are produced in different colors and textures;
- the cost is low, which allows to save on repair work;
- high-quality models do not fade when exposed to sunlight;
- do it yourself.
The main disadvantages of building material can be called its low mechanical strength, but this is not noticeable at a height. Also, it does not withstand high temperatures, which narrows the scope of its application.
They are used more often in public buildings, in offices, commercial premises. The house is mainly used for cladding an entrance hall, a loggia, less often a living room, a bedroom. They can be installed both on the walls and on the ceiling canvas. They are a fiberboard obtained by pressing at high pressure and temperature of crushed wood chips.
Depending on the appearance of the front side, all models are divided into flat and embossed. The former are covered with veneer of valuable wood species, with a polymer film, while the latter has a voluminous pattern. As a coating, paints and varnishes are used. Rack, square and leaf options are available.
Products are characterized by low cost and ease of installation, a large selection of colors, the presence of a natural pattern, a decorative image. When installing them, additional preparation of the walls is not required; under them you can hide the wiring and utilities.
Glass and mirror panels
Such designs are used in the design of interiors of public and residential premises. With their help, you can visually expand the space, perform zoning. At the same time, not only mirrors have reflective properties, it can be plastic, polyurethane plates, coated with a mirror film on top, aluminum battens treated with a special reflective layer, which are much lighter than glass.
Analogues of glass tiles, although they have less weight, but they do not look so solid. Glass panels, due to the application of amalgam, are in no way inferior to a standard mirror. There is a wide variety of coatings that can be made of silicate or acrylic plexiglass. In this case, the mirror ceiling may have a matte finish, art painting.
The price of such finishes is very high. But the plates are characterized by a long service life, resistance to moisture and temperature extremes. Under them, you can place any lighting devices, give the room a unique, unique design.
Expanded polystyrene panels
Among a wide variety of materials, many prefer expanded polystyrene. This is a type of foam. Raw materials in a special way foams, so that the product has a small weight. The coating has good aesthetic characteristics, low cost, with its help you can realize various design ideas. The product is environmentally friendly, despite the fact that under the influence of high temperatures emits toxic fumes.
There are several types of this building material. They differ in the method of manufacture. It can be pressed tile, which is produced by mechanical stamping; extruded - obtained in a complex way using a special unit (extruder); injection - produced by pouring raw materials into a mold.
Installation can be done by gluing the plate directly to the ceiling. Ideal for weak floors that can not withstand significant loads. Before starting work, the surface must be prepared, to eliminate defects, cracks, chips. Experts recommend gluing building material from the center of the room, which is determined by marking.
The material familiar to many is often used for arranging the ceiling. Installation requires a powerful frame that can withstand heavy loads. The substance is environmentally friendly, malleable during processing, with its help you can create smooth, beautiful surfaces.
There are many types of this building material. They produce standard, moisture resistant, fireproof, arched, acoustic, and other models. Thickness varies from 6.5 mm to 12.5 mm. Installing thick slabs on the ceiling is not recommended. It is better to hem ordinary, up to 9.5 mm full.
Before installation, the material should lie down a little in a dry room so that excess moisture evaporates from it. Installation can be done without crates, if there is a fairly flat wooden surface. It is generally accepted to assemble suspended structures.
One of the most affordable building materials. PVC panels are easy to install, easy to care for. Installation under the force to perform any person with minimal construction skills. Finished products are very light, have a cellular structure.
PVC plates are a real find for any designer. Their color palette is diverse, they are able to imitate natural materials. They can be pasted over with thermal film, have a laminated coating, and direct printing is also applied to them. According to the method of connecting the lamellas among themselves, three main groups are distinguished: seamless, relief, with a bevel.
In shape and size, all PVC panels can be divided into rack, wall, tiled, sheet. Installation can be done on a wooden or metal crate, even on a plastic frame. Installation begins from an angle located on the opposite side of the window or door.
You can decorate the ceiling with panels of various types. Before starting work, all your actions must be carefully planned. It should be noted that products may differ in thickness, width, appearance of the front part, and the fastening feature. There are several ways to attach structures to the ceiling:
- Cassette suspension. Decorative modules and various profiles are mounted simply and quickly on previously prepared guide rails;
- Rack mounting. Installation is carried out on a special frame. The rack profiles are sized to fit. Lean against the ceiling and snap fasteners bus;
- Gluing.The method is suitable for lightweight polystyrene, laminated, extruded plates. For fastening, it is better to choose special compounds, but a simple PVA or Moment glue will do. You can create the effect of a seamless ceiling by treating the joints with silicone sealant;
- Spike groove system. With the help of a lock connection, the elements easily and reliably join, creating a smooth surface. Mount them on a wooden crate. Installation does not require alignment of the walls. The mounting method is suitable for plastic, MDF models.
Design and color schemes
Thanks to modern materials, you can update the ceiling without much difficulty. The easiest way is to use ceiling panels. With their help, you can create both a standard and the most unimaginable interior design. In addition to traditional materials - metal, plastic, wood, glass, special moisture-resistant, acoustic mounted products can be used.
A correctly selected wooden lining looks great on the ceiling. Weighty compositions can be created from natural material, giving it a different texture and color. Original look cork, bamboo plates, mineral lining of sawdust. Such a ceiling will be appropriate in an eco interior.
Gray metal panels will look good in a high-tech interior, minimalism. A popular solution is the alternation of matte and glossy plates. Painted polymer, tension surfaces complement the art house. The most fancy design can be realized with the help of PVC constructions. Products produce various textures, colors, shapes. Mirror, glass elements sheathe any room. A popular design idea is volumetric ceiling decor. The surface with the device of 3D elements in the form of waves, honeycombs, various vegetation looks original.
Examples of application in the interior of an apartment / house
Classic cassette panels made of wood always remain stylish. Even an inexpensive analogue will look beautiful and aristocratic. The lathing of light tones fits perfectly into the Scandinavian style, minimalism. Such an interior is suitable for a small apartment or a spacious country house.
Acrylic plates will look good in any room. This is a universal material for a bedroom, toilet, kitchen, hallway. From an economical plastic, wooden lining you get a beautiful, smooth ceiling, even on an uneven surface. White foam trim will fill any room with light and lightness. With the help of ceiling panels, you can create a surface in a restrained, classic style or assemble a complex multi-level structure with designer lighting.
The variety of types and shapes of panels makes it difficult to choose. First of all, you should decide on the material of manufacture. It should be suitable for the general interior of the room, wall decoration, flooring. In order for the design to last a long time, the choice should be made taking into account the characteristics of each type:
- Plastic plates should be smooth with a clear geometry, even distribution of the pattern. To ensure sufficient strength, the element must be compressed with your fingers with effort;
- Wooden products should not have cracks, chips. For each type of wood, small errors are permissible, which reduces their cost. But it is better to use elements with a clear pattern, without burrs, scratches, blue;
- Foam blocks should be chosen only with a smooth, clear, identical pattern over the entire surface. Quality tiles do not break when dropped or lightly shaken;
- 3D panels have various characteristics and features. Giving preference to this type of decoration, it is necessary to take into account the purpose of the room. It can be natural models, fireproof, moisture resistant;
- Aluminum parts should have a minimum thickness of 0.5 cm. If they are thinner, the structure can quickly deform at the initial stage of operation.
When choosing a ceiling covering for a home or office, special attention should be paid to ceiling panels. The construction market offers a huge selection of materials that will be an excellent alternative to conventional whitewashing, painting. Due to the wide variety of plates, you can make a unique interior that will bring warmth and comfort to the house, will always cheer up the inhabitant