How to hang a picture on the wall
The history of painting began several millennia ago. Even primitive people sought to decorate their homes in caves with simple rock paintings. She was expressionless and "flat." Primitive painting did not decorate the walls so much as recorded events. And many of the "records" really reached the descendants, opening the veil of secrets of the way of life of the first people. Years passed, religious cults occupied most of the life of an ordinary person. People began to visualize the deities through painting, but the "paintings" were still lacking in volume. A breakthrough in this regard was made by the ancient Greeks. The Hellenes discovered the subtle art of chiaroscuro and paintings gained volume, approached hyperrealism (became more realistic).
Specialized schools for painters began to open. The most talented masters recruited students who were given valuable knowledge about the techniques of creating drawings. A huge number of pictorial styles have appeared, which now continue to multiply. Ultimately, fed up with realism, people again turned to primitivism (abstraction, surrealism), in fact, returning to the roots. Such a "cyclical", the desire for repetition is found not only in painting, but also in many other areas of art. Although most can only afford inexpensive paintings by unknown artists, this design element and stylish decoration of the room is associated with luxury and high status. Painting is the best alternative to boring bare walls or obsolete carpets. It’s not enough just to buy a suitable painting, you still need to hang it correctly. If you choose the wrong place, height, environment for the decor, then the whole decorative effect of the decoration will come to naught. Let's get acquainted with the advice of professional designers on how to hang a picture. Consider a series of workshops on fixing decor on the wall without using nails.
At what height to hang
The first question that needs to be resolved immediately after the purchase: at what height should the picture be hung so that it can be examined in detail? It is recommended to build on the color composition and plot features of the image. Paintings with large objects made in rich, vibrant colors are hung either at eye level or just above this conditional line. How to determine its location? You need to walk a few steps from the wall and mark a line on the wall where a person of average height falls from this distance. Then you need to determine the conditional middle of the picture. For example, in landscapes it will be a strip of the horizon. So she should lie in the region where the cursory glance fell.
Subjects with perspective, abstract elements or small objects (for example, a bunch of wildflowers) should be located strictly on the line of eye level. If you hang them a little higher, then the decor can be "lost" in the interior. When horizontal placement of several paintings of different sizes is planned, their height is calculated individually. By the way, such a move will help visually make the room wider. The horizontal center of each image should coincide with the conditional line "eye level". It is incorrect to focus on the location of the frames in one row on the bottom or top. A group of vertical paintings visually makes the ceiling taller. The optimal number of images is considered a trio. The central picture is located at eye level. Her plot may be neutral. The other two paintings are hung below and above eye level, respectively. So that the images are not lost, you should choose colorful, vivid plots.
Everyone saw the decorative illumination of paintings in museums and galleries. Directional streams of light draw attention to the image, make them stop and examine it in detail. In living quarters, it is recommended to use natural light, because sunlight helps any plot to unfold fully. Decorative lighting is needed only in two cases:
- On the glass protective surface of the picture, glare plays that interfere with the plot.
- This element of decor should become the center of the interior composition. Perhaps due to the neutrality of the plot or pastel colors, he is slightly lost in the setting.
It is better to use LED bulbs as a backlight. They will last a long time and do not heat up during continuous operation. A group of light bulbs in a metal "frame" against a brick loft wall will look stylish and unusual. One above each picture.
Orientation and angle
As mentioned above, horizontal paintings visually expand the boundaries of the walls. They work well together with wide items of furniture: the back of a sofa or bed, chest of drawers, table, bedside table. Vertical paintings, on the contrary, make the walls higher, stretch the space along the conditional line from floor to ceiling. They do not have to be tied to furniture elements. Typically, groups of such decorative objects are decorated with ledges or short walls of corridors, irregularly shaped rooms, side walls on both sides of wide doorways. Modular paintings consisting of several vertical parts forming a single composition (diptychs, triptychs, polyptychs) look unusual. They should be considered only in the aggregate, that is, as one large horizontal canvas, divided into sections.
The angle of inclination is another important nuance that can affect the perception of the picture. It is regulated by tensioning the fastener rope. Pictures located below and at eye level should lie in the same plane with the wall, that is, do not have a tilt angle at all. If the image is hung higher, then it can be slightly tilted so that the canvas as if "fell" on the beholder. With a tilt angle, you will have to experiment to determine the optimal value. The picture should not "press" on the person, only unobtrusively attract his attention.
How to group pictures
The group combines paintings similar in color and style. You can go from the opposite and combine contrasting canvases. Such a combined decor will definitely attract attention. If you want to group one large image and several small paintings in a group, then it will be correct to place a large object in the center and surround it with a small decor. When the paintings are the same size, they are hung in one row at an equal distance from each other. There are also extraordinary options: placing images along a diagonal line. It turns out a kind of "ladder" of paintings. This arrangement is very popular for modular paintings. The "cut" image emphasizes the creativity of the interior. Moreover, the diagonal arrangement looks best with modular paintings, sections of which have different sizes. For example, in the center, two rectangular canvases arranged vertically are complemented by two square images.
Before you hang a group of paintings on the wall, they should be laid out on the floor. Calculate the distances from the parts of the composition, try on how much they fit together.
Selection of paintings by plot and color
In addition to size and shape, the paintings are also selected according to color composition and plot. You need to focus on the style and functionality of the room. For the bedroom, neutral-calm plots are suitable: landscapes, floral arrangements, still lifes. For the living room and study, you can pick up a group of portraits or reproductions of famous paintings, battle painting, and the work of marine painters. Neutral plots, but made in brighter colors, are also appropriate in the hall. For the kitchen, any culinary-themed paintings, landscapes and household paintings are relevant. You can pay attention to the work of the masters of hyperrealism. For example, paintings by Pedro Campos are striking in their resemblance to the original. Most often, he draws jars of soda, candy, packing sweets, fruits and vegetables in transparent bags. This canvas will be a luxurious and unusual addition to one of the modern styles. Almost any genres are relevant for the hall: landscape, portrait, animalistic, architectural, household painting. Pictures in the corridor should be selected strictly in accordance with the style of registration of the apartment. We must not forget that the hallway is the “face” of the house. You should also decide on the goals for which the canvas is used. Pictures in the interior can perform the following functions:
- Combining a designer composition or zoning a room.
- Confirmation of the high affluence of the family, if the picture is expensive and can be considered as a luxury item.
- Creating a cozy atmosphere and a special mood.
- Distortion of the perception of space.
- Emphasizing the style of design.
- Personalization of the interior.
- Masking wall defects (e.g. uneven surface or hole).
The color scheme of the picture is another important characteristic that you need to pay attention to when choosing a canvas for a particular room. For the bedroom, plots made in blue, yellow, lilac, pink, peach tones. To the living room and hallway, more contrasting combinations of colors will suit: red, blue, purple, grass green. For the kitchen, it is better to choose warm shades of yellow and brown, stimulating the appetite.
Mounting methods depending on the wall material
The choice of fasteners for the picture depends on the wall material:
- For wooden surfaces use ordinary nails and a hammer. Choose a place, and drive the mount into the wall. For large paintings use nails 5 cm long. This is enough for any loads.
- For drilling concrete walls using a punch or hammer drill. Using a tool, a hole is made into which a plastic dowel is placed. After that, a screw or a special hook for paintings and photographs is screwed into it.
- Brick walls, like concrete ones, need to be drilled, but this material can crack due to a small hole. Before inserting the dowel, the drilled hole must be filled with cement mortar.
- Drywall walls are the most fragile on this list. They cannot be hung on large, heavy paintings, as the material is not designed for serious loads. A plasterboard wall can also be drilled and a special butterfly dowel equipped with spacers inserted into the hole. The place for the hole is better to choose on the rack of the frame. It is easy to find by tapping the wall. The stand will respond with a dull sound.
- On a wall of aerated concrete under a light picture, you can drive a nail at an angle. If the canvas is heavy, then use a drill and dowels.
If the hole for mounting the picture is "loosened", it can be strengthened by pouring foam.
Fastening methods without nails
Hanging a picture on a nail is an outdated practice. Now, not only the paintings themselves become a decorative element of the room, but also their fastening systems, the complexity of which can amaze the imagination. There are many ways to hang pictures on the wall: scotch tape, paper clips, pins, hooks, Velcro, ceiling rails, boards on brackets. Almost all of them do not leave marks on the surface and do not spoil the appearance of the finish with ugly holes, therefore they are convenient in case the “registration” of the image is not constant and “moving” to another place is possible. Consider master classes for the most popular ways.
Double sided tape
Double-sided tape is suitable for light paintings that are hung on wallpaper or plasterboard walls. Rope in the mounting system is not needed. Two small squares are cut from the adhesive tape and glued to the ends of the frame. Then remove the protective film on the other side of the Velcro and press the picture against the wall. You need to apply it exactly to the selected place, since it will not work to tear off the mount without damaging the surface.
Push pins are suitable for small paintings with low weight. They are convenient to use to secure a group of paintings. The button is applied to the wall and slightly tapped with a hammer, adjusting the depth of the hole. You can hammer the mount at an angle. Do not recommend using buttons with colored plastic hats. From the blow of the hammer, they usually split in two. It is best to take the usual metal buttons with round caps.
Paper clips are used to hang pictures on wallpaper-covered walls. Fasteners after removal leaves no residue at all. First you need to choose a place for the picture. Where the mount will be located, make two cuts with a clerical knife at an angle of 90 degrees. The result is a “cross." The edges of the wallpaper slightly turn away, freeing the surface of the wall. Now you need to slightly bend one of the metal edges of the paper clip and put it into the incision. All are poured with glue and put wallpaper in place, masking the place of attachment. Paper clips are suitable for hanging pictures weighing no more than 1-1.5 kg.
From the sewing pins, a rather strong and reliable fastening is obtained. Unlike nails or screws, they leave only a tiny hole in the wall. The pin must be hammered into the surface with a hammer at an angle. Work should be done carefully, as the tip can be bent. The eye or bead at the end of the pin, if they interfere, bite off with pliers.
Using a decorative ribbon, you can vertically hang a group of paintings. First you need to fix the pin without an eyelet slightly higher than the location of the composition. The decorative ribbon is folded in half and tied to a mount. Two ponytails remain. They will be attached to the picture with glue. The place to tie the ribbon to a pin in the wall can be decorated with a neat bow.
Spider hooks are called a special type of mounts that can be bought at any hardware store. They are a small part with four “legs”. The hook is applied to the surface and hammer the pointed ends into the wall with a hammer. They are so thin that the holes leave virtually no residue. On a "hook" hang a loop of a picture. The device can withstand loads of up to 2 kg.
The Velcro system “Command” consists of two “fasteners”. One sticks to the wall, and the other to the picture frame. Then the Velcro fasteners are connected, providing reliable fastening for cloths up to 1.35 kg. The convenience of "Command" is the ability to "unfasten" the connection and replace one picture with another. The standard package contains three Velcro. On them you can hang not only paintings, but also watches, photographs, light mirrors. The “Craps” fastening system consists of a plastic hook and duct tape. It does not leave marks on the surface after removal. First, the tape is removed from the adhesive tape and secured to the back of the hook. After that, the second protective film is removed. The hook is pressed against the wall. You can hang a picture. To remove the fastener, you need to pull the special “tongue” and slowly pull it out of the hook structure. He gently peel off the Velcro tape from the surface. The Kreps systems can be different: for posters, for paintings with eyelets or ropes, sets for heavy canvases.
The eaves rail is an unusual way of attaching paintings. Brackets are attached to the ceiling or its border with the wall. They are suspended on a rail. Hooks are attached to it, with ropes, threads, and chains tied to them. They hang pictures on them.The convenience of the mounting structure is the ability to move the canvas at your discretion. You can also adjust the height of the picture by experimenting with the length of the rope or chain. Typically, the eaves rail is complemented by decorative lighting, which emphasizes the creativity of the design. Pictures on such a mounting system can be easily replaced with canvases with other subjects. The design is convenient for those who like to regularly make changes to the interior of the room.
With the help of a wine cork and a self-tapping screw, you can make a neat mount for the picture at an angle. The option is suitable for concrete or brick walls, for example, if, for example, there is no drill or perforator at hand. The cork is cut into circles with a thickness of 1.5-2 cm. On one side they are lubricated with glue and pressed against the wall. When the composition dries, a screw is screwed into the cork. Dense material holds the thread perfectly. Now you can hang a picture on a self-tapping screw. Both classic plugs and silicone are suitable for the fastening system.
Board for pictures
Boards are mainly used for hanging a group of paintings. The fastening system is placed at a small distance from the wall, fixed on the brackets. As a basis, you can take an array of wood, particleboard or MDF. The surface of the material is varnished or painted in a color suitable for the interior. The rough edges of MDF or chipboard are covered with special veneer tape for slices. The paintings are fixed on the board using nails or special wood screws. The option is suitable for a large group of paintings, which would subsequently leave a whole scattering of holes on the wall. Complement the unusual mounting system with decorative lighting. Light bulbs are placed between the board and the wall. Soft, diffused light will make this element of the interior a highlight of the design of the room.
Liquid nails and glue
Various adhesives provide reliable fastening even for a heavy picture. You can use the so-called liquid nails or special polymer glue. To make the composition better “grasped”, the places of its application on the frame are degreased. The surface of the wall is also cleaned and dried. The composition is applied to the back of the frame in several places. The heavier the canvas, the more points of contact you need to make. After that, the picture is applied to the wall and well pressed. It is better to hold the canvas for several minutes, so that the adhesive can catch.
A correctly selected and placed picture in the room will become its center of attraction. It is not necessary to choose large canvases. If the image is in harmony with the environment, then even a small picture will attract the eyes of guests. Another option for using painting in a house is wall painting. She does not need frames or mounting systems. The drawing is applied directly to the wall. You do not need to consider the picture only as a luxury item. It should be selected "for themselves." Then the decorative element will emphasize the delicate taste of the owner of the house and will reveal some aspects of his character exactly as much as he himself wishes.